Every government promises growth and progress with the opportunity to have a fair distribution of resources. After coming into power in 2014, Modi let BJP government has made progress across various verticals and perhaps that’s the reason why he is still favorite among people.
Some of the sectors like Transport, Energy, Steel, manufacturing, Handcraft is seen to have tremendous growth because of various projects and initiative taken. As per the report from ministry, Narendra Modi government has built 73% more highways in its first four years in office as compared to the last four years of the former UPA. Here is the list of 20 mammoth projects those are started or completed by Modi government.
1. Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP)
Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) is envisioned for capacity augmentation of navigation on National Waterway-1 (NW-1) and was announced during the budget 2015-16. It is being implemented at a cost of Rs 5369.18 crore with the technical assistance and investment support of the World Bank. The Project is expected to be completed by March 2023.
The Project entails development of fairway with 3 meters depth between Varanasi and Haldia (Phase-I). The project would enable commercial navigation of 1500-2000 ton vessels from Haldia to Varanasi.
The project also involves the development of fairway, strengthening of the river navigation system, conservancy works and modern river information system, Digital Global Positioning System, night navigation facilities, the creation of a new state of art navigational Lock at Farraka and Multimodal terminals at Sahibganj, Haldia and Varanasi.
Varanasi Multi Modal Port
The inland river port built under Jal Marg Vikas project provides direct links to Kolkata and Haldia Ports. This port has a cargo handling capacity of 1.2 MTPA with the ability to anchor two ships simultaneously.
This is the first of the four multi-modal terminals which are being constructed on the National Waterway-1 (river Ganga) under the umbrella of Inland Waterways Authority of India.
Other facilities include a parking area, a commodity transit shade, a deposit area and a floating jetty. The construction work of the Varanasi Multi Modal Port had begun in late 2016 and was rounded up by November 2018
2. Peripheral Expressway
The peripheral expressway is a route that goes around Delhi passing through several districts of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh — is a six-lane access-controlled expressway aimed at diverting heavy traffic passing through Delhi but bound for other parts of the country. The peripheral expressway passes through Sonipat, Jhajjar, Gurugram, Mewat, Palwal, Faridabad, Noida, Ghaziabad and Baghpat.
The total cost of the expressway is Rs 6,400 crore. It comprises two parts, Eastern Peripheral Expressway, and Western Peripheral Expressway. The expressway has a combined length of 270 km.
Western Peripheral Expressway
Also called as Kundli-Manesar–Palwal (KMP) Expressway is an operational 6-lane (3 lanes in each direction), 135.6 km long Expressway. It runs from Kundli to Palwal, and features 52 underpasses, 23 overpasses and 10 tolled entry and exit points.
It was visualized as an attempt to decongest the national capital. Western Peripheral Expressway is expected to divert more than 50,000 heavy vehicles away from Delhi.
The expressway was first proposed in 2003, and though the Haryana government started working on the project in 2006, it kept suffering delays till 2016. That is when the Supreme Court intervened and revived the project inviting fresh bids. In April 2016, a section of it was inaugurated by Nitin Gadkari, but the complete expressway became operational only by November 2018.
Eastern Peripheral Expressway
Also called as Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal (KGP) Expressway, or National Expressway II is a 135 km long, six-lane expressway built at a cost of Rs 11,000 crore. Its foundation stone laid in November 2015, with the work on it starting by February of the following year.
The deadline set by the Supreme Court for its completion was July 2018; however, despite few fringe agitations, the project was completed much before the deadline and inaugurated on 27 May 2018.
Both expressways were completed in record time under 18 months, ahead of the scheduled. The new expressway will de-congest the Delhi-NCR region with an estimated 2 lakh vehicles being diverted to outside the city limits.
1 lakh tonnes of steel and 5 lakh tonnes of cement were used in the construction of EPE. The entire stretch is fitted with an intelligent highway traffic management system with video incident detection system. This system will monitor vehicle speed, weight in motion and warning devices besides the pavement management system and fiber optics network.
EPE includes 7 interchanges and rainwater harvesting system at ever 500 meters. EPE is the first expressway in India powered by 8 solar power plants with a capacity of over 4,000 kW.
Toll plazas are fitted with electronic toll collection system and commuters will be charged on the basis of travel distance and not for the entire stretch of the expressway.
3. Bogibeel Rail bridge
The Bogibeel bridge is a combined rail and road bridge built on the River Brahmaputra in the state of Assam. It is Asia’s second longest rail-cum-road bridge and is built with 35400 metric tonnes of steel supplied by SAIL.
Being the largest of its kind, the bridge covers a distance of 4.94 kilometers and connects Dhemaji district and Dibrugarh district. The Bogibeel bridge is a big boost for the defense logistics as it will provide swift connectivity to areas near the India-China border.
It will bring down the train journey from Delhi to Dibrugarh by about 3 hours to 34 hours as against 37 hours. Also with bridge connection journey from Arunachal Pradesh to Dibrugarh is become less that 100km compared to 500Km earlier. The total cost of the project is around Rs 5,920 crore; the bridge itself has cost around Rs 3000 crore.
Though the construction had started in 2002 and was supposed to be completed in 6 years, lack of funds and attention hampered its progress for a long time. On 25th December 2018, the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the completed bridge was inaugurated by PM Modi. The project cost is estimated at Rs 49.96bn. This bridge is estimated to serve for 120 years.
4. Solapur-Tuljapur-Osmanabad Highway
On 9th January 2019, the PM dedicated the four-laned Solapur-Tuljapur-Osmanabad section of NH-211 (new NH-52) that covers a distance of 58 kilometers, to the nation.
The 58 km road project is part of a larger project for four-lane of 98.717 km. NH-52 has road safety features like 2 major and 17 minor bridges, 4 vehicular and 10 pedestrian underpasses, besides one 3.4 km bypass at Tuljapur that will help decongest the city.
The construction of this highway had started in 2014, and, at the cost of 972.50 crores INR, was completed in around 4 years. PM had laid the foundation for this project in 2014.
5. Bansagar Canal Project
The canal project involves an agreement between three state government, namely, MP, UP and Bihar, settling the supply of water and power.
The project of the dam had been proposed in 1956 as the ‘Dimba Project’, an agreement between the three states came into being in 1973, and finally started in 1978. On 15th July 2018, PM Modi handed over this Canal project generating 425 MW of power and irrigating a land area of 1,500 km² in Uttar Pradesh, 2,490 km² in Madhya Pradesh, and 940 km² in Bihar, to the nation.
6. Kollam Bypass
The joint venture shared by the state and the central government, connecting Mevaram and Kavanad, was proposed in 1972, 47 years ago.
The construction of the bypass was completed in four phases. The first phase was from Mevaram to Ayathil, the second phase was from Ayathil to Kallumthazham, the third from Kallumthazham to Kadavur and the fourth from Kadavur to Kavanad.
The construction of the third and fourth phases got approval on January 17, 2014, and the amount sanctioned was Rs 277.25 crore. But it was not possible to begin it with the amount allotted. On January 23, the amount was raised to Rs 352.5 crore and in a day, the contract for the construction was approved.
The road includes a seven-meter two-lane carriageway, paved shoulders and earthen shoulders. The importance of the Kollam bypass is that it touches 3 major National Highways.
The 13.141 -kilometers-long bypass was then inaugurated by PM Modi on January 15th, 2019.
7. Krishnaganga Project
Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant is designed to divert water from the Kishanganga River to a power plant in the Jhelum River basin. It is located 5 km north of Bandipore in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The works on this 330Mw hydroelectric power plant started in 2007. The Construction on the dam was temporarily halted by the Hague’s Permanent Court of Arbitration (CoA) in October 2011 due to Pakistan’s protest of its effect on the flow of the Kishanganga River (called the Neelum River in Pakistan).
The verdict by CoA allowed India to resume progress on the project. All three units (3 x 110 MW) were commissioned and synchronized with the electricity grid by 30 March 2018. On May 19th 2018, Indian PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the Kishanganga hydropower plant.
8. Pakyong Airport, Sikkim
Pakyong Airport is a greenfield airport, spread across 990 acres of land in incredible Himalayan surroundings. it’s a breathtaking piece of engineering on the top of the mountain.
Pakyong Airport is the 100th operational airport in the country. In India, Sikkim was the only state without a functional airport. This airport was proposed in 2012 but there were protests from locals demanding proper rehabilitation and compensation, thereby, stalling the projects for the next couple of years. After due negotiations in late 2014 and mid-2015, the work resumed from October 2015 and the airport was inaugurated on September 24, 2018, with the first commercial flight taking off on 4 October 2018.
9. Kota Chambal Bridge
It was 2006 when the agreement for this 1.5-kilometer-long cable bridge in Kota, Rajasthan was signed. With a deadline of 40 months and an opening scheduled in 2012. It suffered many delays and finally, the task gets accomplished by the Modi government. It was inaugurated on 29 August 2017 by PM Modi.
This 6-lane cable-stayed bridge has been built across the Chambal River at Kota.
10. Namami Gange Programme
‘Namami Gange Programme’, is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation, and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
Namami Gange Programme had commenced with a budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore with Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure, River-Front Development, River-Surface Cleaning, Bio-Diversity, Afforestation, Public Awareness, Industrial Effluent Monitoring, and Ganga Gram as its main pillars.
The outreach of the project can be envisioned from the fact that Project covers 8 states, 47 towns & 12 rivers under the project.
Ganga Gram Project
‘Ganga Gram’ – a project for sanitation based integrated development of all 4470 villages along the River Ganga was launched by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS).
Since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission in October 2014, the Ministry has constructed 5.72 crore toilets and has made 2.96 lakh villages, 262 districts, 6 States and 2 Union Territories, open defecation free. Under these Over 1,632-gram panchayats on the banks of Ganga to be made open defecation-free by 2022.
11. Mundra LNG Terminal
The facility has the capacity to handle 5 million tons of LNG per year and is advancement towards India’s goal of becoming a gas-based economy. With its two storage tanks of 160,000 m3 each, the Mundra LNG terminal, that was started in September 2015, was inaugurated in Oct 2018.
This 5,000 crore project has been developed by the Adani Group and Gujarat State Petroleum Corp and has the capacity to handle 5 million tons of LNG per year. Currently, GSPC owns a 50% stake in the project, while Adani group holds 25%.
The facility consists of two LNG storage tanks of 160,000 cubic meters each and LNG jetty capable of receiving the LNG vessels of sizes ranging from 75,000 to 260,000 cubic meters. The terminal also has a facility for LNG truck loading
GSPC said the facility is a step towards India’s goal of realizing its plans of becoming a gas based economy.
The two pipelines Modi inaugurated on Monday, the 67-Km Mundra-Anjar Natural Gas transmission pipeline and the Mundra-Anjar pipeline connect the facility to the existing Gujarat State Petronet gas grid.
12. National Cancer Institute in Haryana
The National Cancer Institute, which is also India’s largest cancer hospital, at a cost of Rs. 2,035 crores and a capacity of 710 beds (200 beds dedicated to patients who are suffering from cancer that are based on research protocols) were inaugurated in January 2019.
The institute, which will operate under AIIMS, New Delhi, was approved by the Manmohan Singh administration in 2013.
There will be different facilities, such as surgical oncology, radiation oncology, medical oncology, anesthesia, and palliative care and nuclear medicine, available at the institute. It will also have the first-of-its-kind tissue repository in India.
The functioning of all OPDs starts in three phases – the first phase likely to have 250 beds – and by December this year, indoor admissions went up to 500 beds.
13. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Hospital, Ahmedabad
On 17th January 2019, PM Modi inaugurated another hospital, this time it was to commemorate the great leader, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The Rs 750 crore ultra-modern hospital in Ahmedabad, with its 1600 beds, is an 18-storeyed opulent construction and is said to be the tallest building in the city.
While inaugurating, PM inspected the facilities at the hospital. He lauded the efforts of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation for setting up a world class hospital and said, “Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Medical Sciences and Research in Ahmedabad hospital will prove to be a model for other government hospitals in the country.”
14. Ayushman Bharat
Ayushman Bharat Yojana or Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) or National Health Protection Scheme or ModiCare is a centrally sponsored scheme launched in 2018, under the Ayushman Bharat Mission of MoHFW in India. The scheme aims at making interventions in primary, secondary and tertiary care systems, covering both preventive and promotive health, to address healthcare holistically.
It is an umbrella of two major health initiatives namely, Health and Wellness centers and National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS). For this, the beneficiaries are identified based on the deprivation categories (D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, and D7) identified under the SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) database for rural areas and 11 occupational criteria for urban areas. In addition, RSBY beneficiaries in states where RSBY is active are also included.
Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Scheme, which aims to cover over 10 crore poor families, providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. Under this, All pre-existing conditions are covered from day 1 of implementation of PM-JAY in the respective States/UTs.
Rs 1200 crore was allocated for 1.5 lakh health and wellness centers, under this, 1.5 lakh centers are to be set up to provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services, apart from free essential drugs and diagnostic services.
As of Feb 2019 under this program, a total of 14,434 number of hospitals are empaneled admitting beneficiaries 10 lakh+ and total E-cards Issued till date is 1,11,87,823
15. Udey Desh ka Aam Nagarik (UDAN) scheme
UDAN-RCS, UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) is a regional airport development and “Regional Connectivity Scheme” (RCS) of Government of India, with the objective of “letting the common citizen of the country fly”, aimed at making air travel affordable and widespread, to boost inclusive national economic development, job growth and air transport infrastructure development of all regions and states of India.
The scheme has two components.
- The first component is to develop new airports and enhance the existing regional airports to increase the number of operational airports.
- The second component is to add several hundred financially-viable, capped-airfare, new regional flight routes to connect more than 100 underserved and unserved airports in smaller towns with each other as well as with well-served airports in bigger cities by using “Viability Gap Funding” (VGF) where needed.
Second Jharsguda Airport
Renamed as Veer Surendra Sai Airport, the second Jharsguda Airport was inaugurated by PM Modi on 22 September 2018. Though the airport had its State Government’s sanctioning in 2012, to become a full-fledged airport, it needed the addition of 275.75 acres of land with an equipped terminal building and air traffic control tower.
On 30 July 2014, the required treaty was signed between the Odisha state government and AAI, eventually, the Ministry of environment and forest agreed to the expansion and in 2018, the DGCA granted Jharsguda airport the status of being the second operational airport in the state.
The airport was set up at an estimated cost of 210 crores with a contribution of 75 crore from the State Government. It has state-of-the-art passenger facilities on par with other domestic airports in the country. It is equipped with an air-conditioned terminal, flight information display system (FIDS), two cafeterias, passenger baggage trolleys, etc.
16. Railway University at Vadodara
The National Rail and Transportation Institute (NRTI), deemed university in Vadodara, had opened its doors to the first batch of 103 students from 20 states in two fully-residential undergraduate courses in September this year.
It is India’s first railway university and only third such in the whole world after Russia and China.
The university aims to start the master’s programme from 2019-20 academic session in areas such as Transportation and Systems Design, Transport Systems Engineering, Transport Policy and Economics, among others.
The Ministry of Railways has sanctioned Rs 421 crores for the university and its curriculum’s development for the next five years.
17. Make in India
Make in India, was launched by the Government of India on 25 September 2014 to encourage companies to manufacture their products in India. It covers 25 different sectors of the economy. As a strategy, it is the road map to respond to glocal (global + local) challenges. It focuses on preparing India as the hub for World class manufacturing status & knowledge infrastructure.
After the launch, India received investment commitments worth ₹16.40 lakh crore (US$230 billion) and investment inquiries worth ₹1.5 lakh crore (US$21 billion) between September 2014 to February 2016.
As a result, India emerged as the top destination globally in 2015 for foreign direct investment (FDI), surpassing the USA and China, with US$60.1 billion FDI.
As per World Bank latest ‘Doing Business Report'(2019) India jumps 23 positions against its rank of 100 in 2017 to be placed now at 77th rank among 190 countries.
By the end of 2017, India had risen 42 places on Ease of doing business index, 32 places World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index, and 19 notches in the Logistics Performance Index.
Manufacturing sectors that have shown the most positive growth during the month of June 2018 as compared to the corresponding month of the previous year are:
- Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products (44.1%)
- Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers, and semi-trailers (20.5%)
- Manufacture of transport equipment (15.6%)
18. Railway bridge in Bihar
In spite of having most Railways Minister from the state, Bihar always struggled to have significant Railways infrastructure. Existing Railways assets are deteriorating because of poor expansion and modernization plan. Recognizing the significance of Bihar in connectivity with Easter and Northern part of India, Railways under Modi government inaugurated some of the long pending projects to uplift the economy of the state.
Munger Ganga Rail cum Road Bridge
Also called as Sri krishna setu, the bridge connects the twin cities Munger-Jamalpur to various districts of North Bihar. Munger Ganga Bridge is the third rail-cum-road bridge over Ganga in Bihar. Construction work on the bridge was inaugurated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister, through video conference system, in 2002.
After that during UPA government, the project made very little progress. After coming to power in 2014, Modi government prioritized the pending Infrastructure projects and then this 3.692-kilometer-long bridge was formally opened in March 2016 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
It has cut down traveling cost and time from Nothern part of Bihar to Southern by more than half. For railways, it is saving crores as it is now much easier fro fright career to reach across the state.
Digha Sonpur Bridge
This Ganga Rail-Road Bridge is the second longest bridge of the country with a length of 4.55 kilometers. Named as J.P Setu, this bridge connects southern part of Ganga from Digha Ghat in Patna to Pahleja Ghat in Sonpur Northern part.
This bridge of 4,556 metres (14,948 ft) length is the second longest rail-cum-road bridge in India, after Bogibeel Bridge in Assam. For this bridge, On 22 December 1996 Former Prime Minister H. D. Deve Gowda had laid the foundation stone and after that bridge finally comes alive in Feb 2016. The bridge was completed at the cost of ₹1,570 crore(US$220 million).
Mokama Rail Bridge
PM laid the foundation stone for this rail cum road bridge in 2016. This bridge is being constructed to mitigate accessive load on the existing 60-year-old Rajendra setu which could not be constructed with a double line.
In order to accommodate traffic and as the hub of exchange for mail and express line the immediate station Kiul is also taken into modernization work. The railway is spending around 1491 cr in this project that will have state of art modern technology.
19. Diamond quadrilateral project of high-speed train network
The Diamond Quadrilateral is an ambitious project of the Indian railways for establishing a high-speed rail network in India. The Diamond Quadrilateral will connect the four mega cities in India, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, similar to the Golden Quadrilateral expressway system.
Under this umbrella, the first high-speed train corridor to be implemented in the country is Mumbai–Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor. For this, In May 2014, the project was approved by Prime Minister then MoU was signed by the governments of India and Japan on 12 December 2015. Construction of the corridor began in August 2018 with the acquisition of land and the high-speed train is scheduled for its first run on 15 August 2022.
Covering a total distance of 508.5 km this highspeed bullet train will operate at the speed of 320km/h. The project is estimated to cost ₹1.1 lakh crore (US$15 billion). Currently train journey from Mumbai to Ahmedabad takes 7 hours which will get reduced to 2Hr 8 min.
Most of the line will be constructed on an elevated corridor to avoid land acquisitions and enhance safety which raised the cost for the project by an additional ₹10,000 crore. Each train is proposed to have length of between 10 and 16 coaches with passenger capacity between 1,300 and 1,600 passengers.
20. Smart City Mission
Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Mission, is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
100 Smart Cities Mission” was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 June 2016. A total of ₹98,000 crore (US$14 billion) has been approved by the Indian Cabinet for the development of 100 smart cities and the rejuvenation of 500 others.
As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission. It is a 5-year program in which, all of the Indian states and Union territories except for West Bengal, are participating by nominating at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the central and state governments between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results from 2022 onwards.